Human beings are so occupied these days and engrossed in their work that it is difficult for them to take out time for their health. With such a tedious lifestyle people are moving towards the addiction of alcohol, smoking and many more intoxication habits which are leading factors to cause cancer these days.
Cancer is one of the most significant diseases to be the cause of deaths. There are many reasons to be its cause but three reasons are prominent. Let’s have a look at them.
1. Older people get cancer frequently
Increase in age brings a lot of diseases with itself. Cancer affects adversely to older people on a larger scale. According to the American Cancer Society, about 77% of all cancers are diagnosed in people who belong to the age above 55, a chunk of the U.S. population that is anticipated to be twice by 2060. Increase in senior citizens means there will be an increase in the number of cancer patients. As per the National Cancer Institute, senior citizens have an average life expectancy of about 79 years,on an average, whereas 73 is the average age of cancer death.
Sources:www.cancer.org , seer.cancer.gov2. Obesity invites numerous types of cancer
Overeating and junk food are one of the leading factors in causing serious problem obesity. Obesity is not only one problem it is a major reason for causing so many diseases and one of them is cancer. The people in the USA are still encountering lack of proper diet, lack of physical activity and weight control. Obesity leads to different types of cancer which are the colon and rectal, endometrial, kidney, thyroid, pancreatic, gallbladder, breast (after menopause) and esophageal.
3. Few of cancer are increasing in number
Having complete knowledge or increased awareness does not prevent cancer. There are certain types of cancer which take place in spite of all the precautions and play a part to increase cancer rate. Example of such cancers are Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Gastrointestinal cancer and Skin cancer.
There are several types of cancers and each type has some specific symptoms, some of the symptoms can be common amongst some or all of them. The most common types of cancers and their symptoms are as follows:1. Breast Cancer
It takes place in the breast and can be recognised when there is a lump in the breast and there is a discharge of bloody liquid from the nipples and the breast shape changes.
2. Prostate Cancer
In this cancer, it is difficult to analyse the disease because sometimes the symptoms cannot be seen and sometimes it can only be analysed when there the person faces some trouble during urination.
3. Skin Cancer
Mole is the core identification of skin cancer. The uncommon difference such as an increase in the mole numbers or its size can be one of the symptoms.
4. Lung Cancer
When a person is suffering from symptoms such as loss in weight, chest pain, wheezing and cough (frequently with blood in it) it can be analysed as lung cancer but these symptoms are not seen during the normal stage it is visible only when it reaches an advanced stage.
Expanded lymph nodes, tiredness and loss of weight are the major symptoms of lymphoma.
When Leukaemia is at its early stage it is difficult to identify it but when it is moving towards its advanced stage it leads to overtiredness, weight loss, contuse, bleeding and persistent infections.
7. Basal Cell cancer
When areas exposed to the sun such as neck and face is seen with a white waxy lump or brown scaly patch it can be considered the case of Basal Cell cancer.
How to reduce the chances of cancer?
There are certain types of cancer which cannot be prevented after taking care of all the precautions but yes some of them can be or the chances of getting infected by cancer can be reduced if we take some precautions. Here are a few things which people should follow to decrease the chances of cancer.
1. Follow a healthy diet
Intake of a healthy diet does not give assurance of not having cancer but it can lessen the chances. There are certain things which people should keep in mind while having their diet:
Plenty of fruits and vegetables should be included in the meal
Keep a check on that you are not heading towards obesity
People who consume alcohol should keep in mind that it is in moderate quantity only
Avoid processed meats
In the case of females, they are more exposed to have breast cancer but the female who includes a Mediterranean diet in their meal intake a good amount of extra-virgin olive oil and mixed nuts which helps them to have less risk of breast cancer as it includes mainly plant-based foods.
2. Stay away from the use of tobacco
Using any kind of tobacco in any form exposed you to a higher degree with cancer. Smoking may cause several types of cancer such as lung, mouth and bladder cancer. Smoking not only includes being an active smoker passive smoking also results in an adverse effect.
3. Maintain your weight and be physically active
Being overweight may lead to many serious diseases and one of them is cancer. Taking care of weight is very essential, healthy weight reduces the chance of various types of cancer including cancer of prostate, lung, breast, colon and kidney. To maintain healthy weight, physical activity is essential. It helps to control the weight and lessen the risk of breast and colon cancer.
4. Keep yourself away from the sun
Exposed directly to the sun increases the chances of getting skin cancer. Skin cancer is one of the most common cancers found in people and most preventable one. To keep yourself safe from skin cancer you need to follow certain things which are as follows:
Sun rays are vigorous between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m, during this duration avoid sun rays.
Try to be in the shade as much as you can when you are outdoors. Sunglasses and hat is a good way to avoid sun rays.
Dress in a way so that it can cover major parts of the body. Try to wear loose clothes which can cover as much of your skin.
5. Take vaccinations on time
There are certain viral infections which can lead to cancer such as Hepatitis B, Human Papillomavirus. Hepatitis B can raise the possibility of liver cancer. Hepatitis B vaccine is prescribed for some of the adults at a mandatory level- especially for adults who are having sexual relations with more than one person, people who have sexually transmitted infections, men involved in sexual relations with men and people who are wide open to infected blood or body fluids.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted virus which can cause cervical and genital cancers. It can also be the reason for squamous cell cancers of the head and neck.
6. Skip out on risky behaviours
There are few behaviours which can expose more towards the infection which increases the chance of cancer. Having a sexual relationship with more number of people increases the possibility of transmitted infection such as HIV or HPV. Using needles of a person having any infection also leads to an increase in the chances of cancer. Get your medical check-up done on a regular basis.
Major people are investigated with cancer because of the profusion of the technology we have to identify the cases of cancer. If the cancer is identified at its early stages the chance of defeating the disease and living a long life increases.
Cancer is one of the major factor causing death these days and it is increasing rapidly. There are several types of cancers, some of them can be prevented with the change in lifestyle and diet but some of them takes place because of the age factor and many more reasons. Death rates only express the loss of life due to cancer. There are some people who suffer because of cancer from a longer duration and the damage done is detrimental.