The life of humans always keeps changing with the changes taking around them. Change in your lifestyle, diet, age and family history can increase the risk of heart diseases. Heart disease is one of the leading factors causing death but certain times it is avoidable. There are plenty of ways in which the risk of heart disease can be reduced.
Heart disease describes different conditions that have an impact on the heart. There are many diseases that are considered as a part of heart diseases which include blood vessel diseases, heart rhythm problems, coronary artery disease, heart fault you’re born with as compared to others. Numerous heart disease can be prevented with a healthy way of living.
There are various diseases under heart problems umbrella so the symptom of every disease is different and can be identified with the effect it is creating. Sometimes some of the symptoms can be similar but there is a need to take the patient to the nearest hospital as soon as possible if you are not able to identify the disease by its symptoms.
Heart disease is caused due to the damage done to all or most essential parts of the heart such as coronary arteries, or lack of nutrition and oxygen to the heart. There are some heart diseases that are hereditary and are inevitable such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It is a congenital heart defect and more likely to take place before a person is born.
Causes of heart diseases
Lifestyle choices are one of the prominent reasons that lead to an increase in the risk of heart disease. And it includes:
High blood pressure and cholesterol
Overweight and obesity
Smoking and drinking
Always having junk food
Any or some members had or have any heart disease
Any past of preeclampsia during pregnancy
Spending major time in a stagnant position, such as sitting at an office
Treatment of heart diseases
There are two ways to treat heart disease. To begin with, a person can strive to have medications for the treatment but if these do not serve the desired effect, further treatment can be done with surgical options to treat the issue.
Major medications are obtainable for the majority of heart diseases. Some of them are to prevent blood clots, but there are other medicines also to serve other requirements.
The major medications used for treatment are:
Statins are used to have control of the cholesterol level
Warfarin is needed so that blood clots can be prevented and blood can be kept thinner
Heart attack, Heart failure, and High Blood Pressure are taken care of by Beta- Blockers
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)inhibitors are also one of the medicines used for heart failure and blood pressure
Performing heart surgery is a risky and exhaustive process and patients need a long duration to recover from it. Certain problems are difficult to get treated with medicines, exceptionally in the advanced stages of heart disease during that time surgeries can be effective in treating blockages and heart problems. Most frequent surgeries are Angioplasty, Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery, Surgery to repair or replace faulty heart valves, pacemakers, or electronic machines that regulate a heartbeat for people with arrhythmia. One of the other surgery which takes place is a heart transplant. Usually, it is problematic to find appropriate size of the heart and blood type in the needed duration.
How to prevent heart diseases
People having heart diseases by birth are the only ones whose heart problem cannot be prevented it can only be cured.
The meal should consist of a balanced diet. The diet must be of low-fat, high fiber, unsaturated fats including five portions of fresh fruit and vegetables daily. The intake of diet should be focused on whole grains and it is necessary to keep in mind the amount of salt and sugar in the meal.
Regular physical activity should be performed. This helps to strengthen the heart and regulate the circulation of blood in the body which helps to reduce cholesterol and take care of blood pressure.
The body weight should be according to the height. Maintain the body weight as per the height. Increased weight leads to obesity and it increases the risk of heart diseases.
If you are habituated to smoking, quitting it is very essential. It is a significant factor for causing heart and cardiovascular conditions. Intake of alcohol in high quantities is also injurious. Any individual should not drink more than 14 units per week.
Diseases such as high blood pressure or diabetes which have an adverse effect on heart health should be kept under control.
Statistics related to Heart Diseases
Heart disease is the most common cause of death for both sexes. Here are some statistics demonstrating the scale of heart disease in the U.S.
Heart disease causes the deaths of around 630,000 people in the U.S. each year.
In the U.S., a person has a heart attack every 40 seconds, and at least one person dies per minute from an event related to heart problems.
The health burden placed by heart disease on the U.S. economy is around $200 billion.
The most common type of heart disease is coronary heart disease.
Mississippi is the state with the highest rate of death from heart disease at 233.1 deaths per 100,000 members of the population. The state is closely followed by Oklahoma, Arkansas, Alabama, and Louisiana. Minnesota, Hawaii, and Colorado have the lowest rates.
Heart disease can have an impact on anyone, but certain people have more chances for cardiovascular diseases. You can prevent from having heart disease just by following a healthy lifestyle.
Heart disease is one of the leading reasons for death in both cases whether it is men or women. Heart disease may take place at any age but the risk grows with the age. The possibility of heart disease increases when someone in the family is having the same disease and your lifestyle choices become unhealthy such as addiction to smoking and alcohol and habit of eating an unhealthy diet.